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ANSC 415

Course Objectives and Schedule

01/11 Lecture 1 Objectives:


2.          DEFINE USING DICTIONARY: gelding, colt, stallion, filly, mare, foal, weanling, yearling, long yearling, donkey (burro, ass), jack, jenny, mule, horse mule (john), molly, hinny.

3.          ANATOMY

             a.          Define anterior, posterior, rostral, dorsal, ventral, plantar and palmar.

             b.          Label the external parts of the head, neck and torso of the horse.

01/18 Lecture 2 Objectives

Quiz on Definitions

             c.          Label the major parts of the legs and identify the joints.

             d.          Label the parts of the foot and sole.

             e.          Identify left side and off side of the horse.

             f.          Identify good conformation.

                          i.           Overall Balance

                          ii.          Good front and rear leg conformation

01/25 Lecture 3 Objectives

Quiz on Anatomy and Conformation

             g.          Label and briefly describe the outer parts of a horses eye.

             h.          Define these common colors of horse: chestnut, sorrell, bay, white, grey, palamino, paint, appaloosa.

                          i.           Name the most genetically dominant color. Why if it is dominant is it not common?

                          ii.          Second most dominant color?

                          iii.         Describe the genetics of a bay.

                          iv.          Describe the genetics of a palomino.

                          v.          Define: whorl, star, strip, snip, stripe, blaze, coronet, sock, stocking. (Need to edit dictionary)

02/01 Lecture 4 Objectives

Quiz on Eye Anatomy and Colors

             i.           Label a picture of the horses digestive system and explain how function relates to anatomy.

             j.           Using pictures of the horses incisors age a horse:

                          i.           within 1 year for less than 5 years,

                          ii.          differentiate a young adult, middle age, and old horse.

4.          BEHAVIOR

             a.          Describe briefly the behavior of horses in herds.

             b.          Be able to move around a horse safely

             c.          List the main cause of stall vices.

02/08 Lecture 5 Objectives

Quiz on Aging Horses and Stall Vices

5.          GAITS & BREEDS

             a.          Identify these gaits of horses: walk, trot, canter, gallop, pace.

             b.          ID the lead foot of the canter.

             c.          List 5 common 2 beat gaited horse breeds and a defining characteristic of each

             d.          List 2 common non-2 beat gaited breeds and a defining characteristic of each.


             a.          List the main training techniques applied to horses.

             b.          Halter training horses

             c.          Briefly described a balanced seat when riding and how a English hunter and western pleasure seat might differ.

             d.          List and briefly describe 4 common competitive showing styles and 2 racing competitive racing endeavors.

02/15 Lecture 6 Objectives

Quiz on Gaits


             a.          Describe how a horse’s height is measured and evaluate condition from a picture.

             b.          Review digestive anatomy.

             c.          Know the Golden Rule to Feeding Horses.

             d.          Describe the naural sources of Vitamin B, C, A, D, and E for horses.

             e.          List the energy (Mcal/lb), protein, fiber, calcium, and phosphorous content (% by weight) of foodstuffs suitable for horses.

             f.          Know how different levels of work effect nutritional needs.

02/22 Lecture 7 Objectives

Quiz on Height, Condition, Digestive Anatomy, and Nutrition to this point.

             g.          List the qualities of good hay and bad hay.

             h.          Explain the difference between a legume and a grass hay.

             i.           Compare oats and corn as concentrate for horses.

             j.           List 2 advantages and 1 disadvantage of using fat in the horses diet

             k.          Describe beet pulp as a feed source for horses

             l.           List the approximate amount of these nutrients in grass hay, leguminous (alfalfa) hay, grain, and beet pulp.

03/01 Lecture 8 Objectives

Quiz on Nutrition to this point

             m.         Describe complimentary feedstuffs for the horses diet.

             n.          Explain the difference between pasture and hay and suggest a diet for a horse who does not have access to pasture.

             o.          Explain why mixed grass/legume pastures are better than grass pasture alone. List the disadvantages

             p.          Explain why you would want to do rotational grazing and the main steps for successful rotation.


             a.          List common types of fences used with horses and compare the advantages and disadvantages of each.


03/15 Lecture 9 Objectives

Quiz on All of Nutrition and Pastures

             b.          Explain the housing requirements of horses.


             a.          Label and describe the normal appearance of the sole and frog.

             b.          Describe good foot care

             c.          Identify a foot that is a-p and m-l balanced .

             d.          List elements of a good trimming and shoeing job.

03/22 Lecture 10 Objectives

Quiz on Fences and Buildings


             a.          Vital Signs: What are the normal temperature, pulse, and respiratory rates of horses.

             b.          How do parasites cause disease?

                          i.           What diseases can be caused by parasites.

                          ii.          Briefly explain the parasite-environment-horse cycle.

                          iii.         Suggest 2 effective deworming programs.

                          iv.          Explain how you check for parasite problems.

03/29 Lecture 11 Objectives

Quiz on Vital Signs and Parasites

             c.          The infectious diseases of most interest to horses in NC for which there are vaccines are:

                          i.           tetanus, eastern and western viral encephalitis, west nile virus, rabies, influenza and herpes viruses

                          ii.          In a few words each describe how horses get them and the clinical signs.

             d.          How do determine whether you should vaccinate for a disease or not?

             e.          Suggest a effective vaccine program for NC.

             f.          Describe mild and serious vaccine reactions

             g.          What is tetanus antitoxin and wh should it be used sparingly?

             h.          Briefly describe EIA and the Coggins test.

             i.           What is floating and why do you do it?

4/05 Lecture 12 Objectives

Quiz on Infectious Diseases and Floating

             j.           Briefly define colic.

                          i.           List its 2 main forms.

                          ii.          List the management factors most commonly associated with it.

                          iii.         What is the most common diagnosis?

             k.          Describe “heaves” and its most common cause.

             l.           Define lameness.

                          i.           List the most common causes.

                          ii.          List the steps to diagnose the cause of lameness.

                                        (1)         What is the most common location?

                          iii.         Briefly describe founder.


04/19 Lecture 13 Objectives

Quiz on Colic, Heaves, Lameness

11.         REPRODUCTION

             a.          Explain the yearly reproductive cycle of mares and stallions.

             b.          Explain the estrus cycle of mares.

             c.          What is the most important impediment to settling a mare? Second?

             d.          Describe gestation in mares.

             e.          Describe birth

                          i.           What is the importance of colostrum.

04/26 Lecture 14 Objectives

Quiz on Lameness and Reproduction

12.         GROOMING and TACK

             a.          Describe basic grooming principles


             a.          What are the legal requirements to transport horses within and outside the state.

             b.          Discuss the job opportunities associated with horses.

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