Vaccines and Vaccination Overview for Horses
Currently there are equine vaccines available for:
- Tetanus : injection of modified toxin (toxoid)
- Eastern, Western, Venezuelan Viral Encephalomyelitis : injection of killed virus
- West Nile Viral Encephalomyelitis : killed virus (Fort Dodge) / modified live canarypox vectored (Merial)
- Influenza, many different strains : injection / intranasal
- Herpesvirus-1 : abortion, respiratory, and neurological disease
- Herpesvirus-4 : respiratory disease and abortion
- Strangles : injection of killed bacterin / intranasal vaccine (Fort Dodge)
- Rabies : injection of killed virus
- Potomac Horse Fever : killed rickettsia
- Equine protozoal Myelitis (EPM): killed protozoan
- Botulism : injection of modified toxin (toxoid)
- Equine Viral Arteritis
With all the vaccines available there is probably no harder decision that a horse owner makes than what to vaccinate for and how often. Just a few of the problems with general recommendations is that:
- The incidence of these diseases differs in different parts of the world, different countries, and even smaller geographical areas.
- The efficacy and safety of these vaccines vary remarkably.
- Even your goals effect which vaccines you should use.
Often incomplete information is available on vaccine efficacy and safety. On top of all this, the equine news media makes each disease outbreak sound like impending doom for your horse and rarely question the safety, efficacy, or necessity of vaccination issues.
The bottom line is you only will want to vaccinate for those problems that occur locally, for which your horse is at risk for, and for which there are safe, efficacious vaccines. Even when these criterion are met there still may be some milder diseases for which vaccination is not prudent. The risk of many diseases can be greatly reduced by understanding how your horse contracts the disease and instituting preventive measures. This article discusses in detail the decision to vaccinate, how these vaccines work and don't work, vaccine safety and reactions. The vaccines themselves are listed and briefly discussed then linked to detailed articles on the disease and vaccines available. Links are also provided to specific vaccine schedules for different circumstances and articles on how to give vaccines.
~Word Count: 3700 words (The average magazine page contains about 600 words);
~Last Updated: July 10, 2015;
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Discussions on Vaccines an Overview
|Tetanus vaccines: Using human vaccines in horses||1 ||5 ||Jan 23, 18|
|Prolonged swelling from vaccination||1 ||5 ||Jun 5, 11|
|Benadryl for possible reaction to vaccine?||1 ||4 ||Jun 3, 11|
|Vaccinating the little mini||1 ||2 ||Sep 10, 10|
|Rabies in Colorado||1 ||5 ||Apr 13, 10|
|Increasing reaction to vaccinations in older mare||1 ||5 ||Nov 1, 09|
|Rabies Vaccination||1 ||3 ||Jul 21, 09|
|Change of behavoir||1 ||8 ||Jul 4, 09|
|Vaccination Reactions||1 ||2 ||Jun 9, 09|
|Vaccine safe to use||1 ||2 ||Dec 24, 08|
|OK to vaccinate now||1 ||4 ||Jul 16, 08|
|New Rabies vac||1 ||1 ||May 16, 08|
|Vaccination Reaction Prevention Questions||1 ||15 ||May 26, 08|
|Rabies Vaccination||1 ||17 ||Apr 11, 08|
|RVI / parapox ovis virus immunomodulator||1 ||2 ||Apr 3, 08|
|En vacinnate||1 ||3 ||Feb 10, 08|
|Vaccine reaction or injured back?||1 ||4 ||Aug 24, 07|
|Research Summary: Ginseng Improved Response to Vaccine ||1 ||2 ||Aug 21, 07|
|Source of Individual Doses of West Nile Vaccine||1 ||1 ||Jul 4, 07|
|Epi injections for anaphylaxis||1 ||2 ||Jun 1, 07|
|West Nile Vaccination-Another Mix Up||1 ||6 ||Aug 26, 12|
|Vaccination mix up- rabies or west nile??? Can it be given again?||1 ||9 ||May 1, 07|
|Fly control||1 ||2 ||Apr 5, 07|
|Paranoid to vaccinate||1 ||8 ||Apr 6, 07|
|How long vaccines are good for||1 ||2 ||Jan 17, 07|
|Vaccination ammounts ||1 ||3 ||Jan 10, 07|
|How vaccinations work||1 ||5 ||Dec 16, 06|
|Which Company's Vaccine is best||1 ||3 ||Sep 8, 06|
|I think I accidently injected Adequan in a vein||1 ||5 ||Jul 17, 06|
|Can you over vaccinate?||1 ||5 ||Jun 5, 06|
|Leptospirosis vaccine||1 ||5 ||Apr 26, 06|
|Major Update to Vaccination Overview Article||1 ||3 ||Mar 2, 06|
|Tetanus vaccine in foals||1 ||4 ||Aug 6, 05|
|Pontomac vaccinations- new vet says don't bother....||1 ||3 ||Jul 28, 05|
|Recommended Products, Combinations, Schedules||1 ||8 ||Jan 11, 06|
|Intra-nasal strangles vaccine and humans - question||1 ||5 ||May 24, 05|
|Vaccine Supply||1 ||5 ||Apr 28, 05|
|Exercise after vaccination||1 ||5 ||Nov 13, 05|
|Deworming & vaccinating||1 ||5 ||Apr 15, 05|
|Reaction to vaccine, again||1 ||15 ||May 17, 05|
|Rotavirus vaccination||1 ||4 ||Jan 4, 05|
|5 way vaccines||1 ||8 ||Apr 7, 09|
|Homeopathic Vaccines?||1 ||3 ||Sep 10, 04|
|Vaccine too old to use???||1 ||3 ||Jul 9, 04|
|Botulism||1 ||7 ||Apr 2, 05|
|Vaccinating against Strangles||1 ||4 ||Mar 13, 04|
|West Nile Virus||22 ||184 ||Apr 4, 07|
|Foal Vaccines||10 ||50 ||Jan 21, 04|
|Rhinopneumonitis Vaccines||9 ||33 ||Feb 6, 07|
|Questions on How, when and where to administer vaccines||15 ||56 ||Apr 14, 05|
|Influenza||5 ||12 ||Apr 19, 01|
|Tetanus||7 ||68 ||Sep 19, 07|
|EPM||3 ||24 ||Feb 21, 09|
|Discussions on Vaccines an Overview not covered by above||6 ||27 ||Mar 8, 08|
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