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Auscultation and Heart Murmurs in Horses
Auscultation is the art and science of listening through a stethoscope. The range of sounds heard when auscultating the horses heart is unusually large when compared to other species. Up to 6 different normal heart sounds plus a murmur and/or click per cycle can fall within the normal range. The character and position in the cycle are important characteristics to help derive a possible diagnostic and prognostic significance. Other sounds include squeaks, and adventitial sounds. This articles discusses general principles of using a stethoscope, auscultation, and interpretation of heart sounds with an emphasis on determining the possible significance or heart murmurs and sounds.
~Word Count: 2112 words (The average magazine page contains about 600 words);
~Last Updated: April 17, 2011;
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