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Discussion on Research Summary: Diagnosing and treating dehydration in working horses

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Robert N. Oglesby DVM
Moderator
Username: dro

Post Number: 20477
Registered: 1-1997
Posted on Monday, Apr 14, 2008 - 7:29 am:   Edit PostPrint Post

We often gets posts from members who feel their horse is dehydrated based on skin tenting but then will not drink water. I have long felt skin tenting is a poor indicator of hydration status especially in older horses and here is support. I love the the simplicity of the conclusion, if you think your horse is dehydrated offer him water, he will both diagnose and if present treat the dehydration with his response.

Equine Vet J. 2008 Mar 12;
Validity of indicators of dehydration in working horses: A longitudinal study of changes in skin tent duration, mucous membrane dryness and drinking behaviour.

Pritchard JC, Burn CC, Barr AR, Whay HR.
Brooke Hospital for Animals, Broadmead House, 21 Panton Street, London SW1Y 4DR.

Reasons for performing study: Dehydration is a serious welfare concern in horses working in developing countries. Identification of a valid and practical indicator of dehydration would enable more rapid treatment and prevention. Objectives: To examine changes in bodyweight, clinical and blood parameters during rehydration of working horses, identify a 'gold standard' criterion for dehydration and use this to validate a standardised skin tent test, drinking behaviour and mucous membrane dryness as potential field indicators. Methods: Fifty horses with a positive skin tent test, working in environmental temperatures of 30-44 C in Pakistan, were rested and offered water to drink ad libitum. Bodyweight, clinical and blood parameters, mucous membrane dryness, drinking behaviour and skin tent duration at 6 anatomical locations were measured at 0, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240 and 300 min. Results: Skin tent duration was affected by side of animal (P = 0.008), anatomical location and coat moisture (both P<0.001). Younger animals had shorter skin tents at all time points (P = 0.007). There was no significant association between plasma osmolality (Posm) or water intake and skin tent duration. Horses with a higher Posm drank significantly more water (P<0.001), and had longer (P<0.001) and more frequent (P = 0.001) drinking bouts. Neither Posm nor water intake affected qualitative and semi-quantitative measurements of mucous membrane dryness significantly. Conclusions and potential relevance: The standardised skin tent test and measures of mucous membrane dryness investigated in this study were not valid or repeatable indicators of dehydration when compared with Posm as a 'gold standard' criterion. The volume of water consumed and the number and durationof drinking bouts were the most reliable guide to hydration status currently available for mature working horses. Offering palatable water to drink ad libitum provides both the diagnosis and the remedy for dehydration in working horses.
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