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Flexural Limb Deformity and Contracted Tendons in Foals and Horses
  by Robert N. Oglesby DVM


Introduction » Flexural vs Angular Deformity » Flexural Laxity: dropped fetlocks, pasterns, walking on the heels » Flexural Contracture: upright pasterns, walking on tip toes, fetlocks or knees buckled forward » Treatment » More Info 

When newborns stand up for the first time, their legs are wobbly, the ligaments lax, and the tendons a little too short or too long. This is normal and results in odd leg angles and stances. These normal variations should not interfere with the foal getting up and moving around and almost immediately start self correcting so that by the third day the legs are well on their way to normal. The time for concern is when the abnormalities are so bad that they prevent the foal from standing and getting around well or when the malformations do not correct rapidly. Different terms have been used including flexural laxity, contracted tendons, and over at the knees or pasterns. Severe cases of bilateral flexural and angular joint laxity may be termed "wind swept". Rupture of the common digital extensor is a special case of over at the knees. Mild deep digital flexor contracture may result in a club foot. This article discusses the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of these conditions.
      ~Word Count: 3177 words (The average magazine page contains about 600 words);
      ~Last Updated: July 10, 2015;
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Discussions on Tendon Laxity and Contracture
  Titles Subtopics Posts Updated
iconTransporting Yearling with Contracted TendonsJul 1, 15
iconAcquired contractureFeb 13, 15
iconNew foal, contracted tendons, conflicting info., need advice14 Jun 12, 12
iconExtremely contracted rear legs on new foal20 Jun 28, 12
iconFoal contracted tendons and umbilical stump questions38 Jun 29, 12
icon3 days old, wobbly in hind legsMay 19, 10
iconAquired flexural deformity in 4month foalNov 6, 09
iconContracted Tendon and Abnormal Hoof Growth in 7 week Foal13 Nov 14, 09
icon8-Day old foal with dropped fetlocks15 Jun 2, 10
iconTendon Laxity Miniature Foal18 Jun 2, 10
iconKnucking forward at fetlockMay 28, 09
iconFoal, front legs buckel under.Aug 22, 08
iconWhy stall rest for contractureJul 5, 08
icon2 week old QH colt with buck knees20 Jul 20, 08
iconHorse UprightnessJan 2, 08
iconContracted tendons on the weanlingsDec 11, 07
iconMature horse "down on pasterns"Nov 6, 07
iconLong-Term / Multi-Generational Research on ALD/CT?Jun 26, 07
iconWobbly hocks in 18 month old warmbloodMay 29, 07
iconLARGE coming 2y/o standing on toes65 Jan 3, 08
icon6 month old filly over at the knees Jan 9, 07
iconContracted tendons on all four feetSep 20, 06
iconLax pasterns in three year oldNov 2, 07
iconInferior check ligament surgeryJun 7, 06
iconConstant foals with limb deformitiesJun 2, 06
iconClub Foot at 4 monthsAug 30, 06
iconContracted tendons post elbow injuryJul 14, 05
iconBulging Superficial Flexor20 Jun 23, 05
iconLax tendons - back on pasterns41 Jun 2, 10
iconTicking noise10 Jun 7, 06
iconNewborn foal with contracted tendons - treatment adviceSep 22, 04
iconNewborn with contracted tendons11 Aug 19, 04
iconToe dragging/snappy comebackAug 10, 03
icon30 day foal over at kneesMar 6, 03
iconClub foot appearing at 9 mos.Apr 20, 04
iconSwollen hocks and stiff fetlocksSep 15, 02
iconFilly with tight tendons, now very lameMar 23, 04
icon2yo Over at the KneeMay 24, 02
iconSpinted 6 week filly that won't get upApr 27, 02
iconFront leg tendons in 5 week old foal.Mar 10, 02
iconAquired Flexural DeformityJan 2, 08
iconVery straight pasterns/popping fetlockOct 14, 01
iconNewborn with contracture affecting both kneesMay 26, 01
iconContracted Tendons and oxytetracyclineMay 31, 08
iconContracted tendons worse before better?Aug 21, 00
iconMSM supplement for contracted knees in foals12 Aug 13, 00
iconConstricted tendon in foalMay 21, 00
iconTendonsApr 25, 00
iconContracture deformityJun 28, 99
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